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Moscow’s famous fortress, the Kremlin, is built over the oldest and most central part of the city. It dates back to 1147 and is surrounded by a thick, red wall. Inside the wall are 20 towers, museums, residences, monuments and the iconic gold-domed churches. Among the attractions are Cathedral Square, the throne of Ivan the Terrible, the Armoury Palace and the tombs of Russian Orthodox Church leaders. The tallest structure behind the walls is the Belfry of Ivan the Great, which once boasted the world’s biggest bell. The giant ringer fell from the tower in 1701. The Armoury Palace has a wealth of treasures, including bejewelled coronation capes and the famous Fabergé Easter eggs. Also worth a stop is The Diamond Fund Exhibition, which displays a 180-carat diamond once belonging to Catherine the Great.
Telephone: (095) 202 3776.
Getting There: Take the metro to Biblioteka imeni Lenina or Aleksandrovsky Sad.
Hours of Operation: Closed Thursdays. Open Friday to Wednesday from 10am–5pm
Admission: Armoury Chamber – 700 Rb, Cathedral Square – 350 Rb, Belfry – 500 Rb. Concessions available.