When to fly
Because of its high altitude, Mexico City has pleasant summers and mild winters. May is the warmest month with temperatures reaching the high 20s, and January is the coolest with temperatures generally in the teens and 20s, but night frosts are possible. The rainy season is June to September with July getting the most rain. February is the driest month.
December and January also have the most smog, although the pollution levels are improving.
The three-week Festival del Centro Histórico in March takes over the city with cultural events.
The holiday periods of Semana Santa (Easter week) and Christmas to New Year are particularly busy with Mexicans visiting as well as tourists booking flights to Mexico City. During the month of Easter, Mexico City showcases talent in the area of art and culture from the local community. Mexico City’s Annual Festival features entertainment from performances such as opera singers, orchestras, theatre groups, dancers and singers and is one of the liveliest and energetic festivals in the country. February is a further busy month for Mexico City as it host its own dynamic and colourful carnival. Thousands take to the streets to have fun, party, dance and sing well into the night with high spirits. Mexico City Carnival is a raucous affair which is on par with the famous Rio Carnival, so if you are looking for a rested trip, avoid travelling during carnival season.
With its mild climate, you will be hard pressed to find an off season in Mexico City. For fewer crowds, booking flights to Mexico City during a non-holiday period is the best bet. Quieter celebrations take place in Mexico City in November in Mariachi Square where locals gather for Fiesta de Santa Cecilia. The festival pays respect to the patron saint of musicians, St. Cecilia, through a tribute concert and an outdoor party which involves dance, drinks and singing.
Why visit Mexico City?
The smell of roasted corn, Aztec dancers showing off their moves, and ‘healers’ beckoning tourists to try a miracle cure: this is just a regular Monday afternoon in Mexico City. This vibrant capital city was once the capital of the Aztec Empire; today it's one of the most populated cities in the world. Most travellers flying to Mexico City stop over briefly on their way to other regions in Mexico, but stay a little longer and you’ll quickly discover what inspired the likes of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera.
Wandering through the streets of Mexico City is the best way to embrace its heritage and savour some authentic Mexican street food. The area of Zocalo is a good starting point from which to explore the city. Here Mayan ruins live beside modern buildings and colonial churches while dramatic Rivera murals adorn the walls. Art lovers will make the museums their first stop. Kahlo fans can’t miss a trip to the Museo de Frida Kahlo in La Casa Azul and Museo Casa Estudio Diego Rivera y Frida Kahlo, where the famous couple once lived.
Travel to the Aztec Templo Mayor to really get an idea of the city’s history and the jaw-droppingly huge Teotihuacan. In complete contrast to the precious relics found at the Templo Mayor is Mexico's colourful pro-wrestling at Arena de Mexico. As in the rest of the Americas, football is a national passion so a day out at the lively and vibrant Estadio Azteca is a must. Pack some earplugs for your visit to Mexico City though – the roar of the crowd can be deafening.
El Zocalo, or Plaza de la Constitucion, one of the world’s largest city squares, is located in the middle of Mexico City’s historic centre. On one side of the square is the Presidential Palace. The magnificent colonial building was once the site of an Aztec Palace and displays murals inside narrating Mexico’s history. The other side of the square is home to the Metropolitan Cathedral, which sits on land once sacred to the Aztec. Inside the ornate cathedral is the King’s Chapel and gilded altar. The city square is always bustling with activity, and tourists can mingle with vendors, buskers and traditional Aztec dancers. It’s also a location for demonstrations, protest marches and festivals.
Getting around Mexico City
Don’t worry about getting around Mexico City, one of the biggest cities in the world. The public transport system is efficient and cheap. The metro runs from early morning until midnight and is clean and easy to use. The bus system is also extensive, but you might find it easier to use if you speak Spanish. Minibuses can be a better option than buses, since they are smaller, faster and more comfortable. They can drop you off anywhere along their route. With so many people in the city, public transport can be very crowded during rush hour. Be aware of your surroundings during rush hour and at night; crime levels are high on the subway and buses. Central Square’s cobble-stoned streets can be a lovely area to walk around. If you want to take a taxi, be safe and call ahead for one, instead of hailing a cab. Many hotels and restaurants can help you get a cab. If you’re planning on driving in the city, know that it can be a tricky place to manoeuvre and prices are high. Additionally, cars are prohibited from driving in the city one day a week. Find out which days you are restricted by checking the last number of your licence plate against a list at the tourist office. When smog levels are high, as they are in December and January, numbers can come up more than once per week.
Getting downtown from the airport
The main airport for travellers taking flights to Mexico City is Mexico City International Airport (Benito Juarez) (MEX). There is a Metro service from the airport to downtown Mexico City. Taxis are regulated and passengers can pay in advance at the taxi counter in Arrivals. There are also suburban bus services. Some hotels offer a pick-up service, however it is worth checking their charge as it's generally cheaper to take a taxi.
Mexico City insider information
- The city lies on the ruins of Tenochtitlan, the ancient Aztec capital. There are ghosts of the past at every turn: the Mexican National Palace is built on the site of Montezuma’s Palace, while the Metropolitan Cathedral is built on the Temple of the Aztecs.
- The city has two Unesco World Heritage sites. The Historic Centre has the Metropolitan Cathedral and National Palace, and the Palace of Fine Arts is home to many of the city’s cultural events. Xochimilco Ecological Park is the other World Heritage site. It is made up of canals, lagoons and floating gardens and is often called the Venice of Mexico. A trip on a trajinera, a square-shaped, brightly painted boat, which carries up to 12 passengers, is a treat. It is possible to hire a floating mariachi band to serenade you too.
- The Basilica de Guadalupe is in the north of the city and very popular. Only St Peter’s Basilica in Rome gets more visitors each year.
- The Coyoacan and San Angel areas have great craft markets, while Santa Fe and Polanco offer a more upmarket shopping experience.
- One of the best places to admire the city is from Bellini, the revolving restaurant on the 45th floor of the World Trade Centre.
- Teotihuacan is Mexico’s most popular archaeological site. Tourists can climb up the Pyramid of the Sun, the world’s third-largest pyramid, and its companion, the Pyramid of the Moon.
- The world’s largest bullring is here too - the Plaza de Toros.
- Chapultepec Park is an enormous green park – more than 800 hectares (2,000 acres) - in the centre of the city. It is home to the National Museum of Anthropology, the Museum of Modern Art, the National History Museum and Museum Rufino Tamayo.
- The city’s oldest park is Alameda Park. It dates from 1541.