This tiny country, the only sovereign Grand Duchy in the world has half-a-million inhabitants. It's sandwiched between Belgium, France and Germany. As its history is linked with its larger, more assertive, neighbours, it's a wonder Luxembourg exists as a separate state at all. It does, a country of diverse scenery, from the Ardennes forests in the north, to the Mullerthal region in the east (known as Luxembourg's little Switzerland), Moselle region in the south east (shared with Germany), and the Red Rocks region (old industrial area) of the south.
Its cosmopolitan capital, Luxembourg city, started off as a fortification in 963 when Count Siegfried built a castle on a hill known as the Bock. Surrounded by the gorges created by the Alzette and Petrusse rivers, this defensibility led to Luxembourg being known as Gibraltar of the North.
Cheap flights to Luxembourg land at Findel Airport, just 2.5km (1.5 miles) east of the city. The national airline, Luxair, connects Luxembourg to 20 European destinations.
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